If your parent has diabetes
Your own risk
According to the American Diabetes Association, your risk of contacting type 2 diabetes is one in seven if one of your parents was diagnosed before the age of 50, and one in 13 if one of your parents was diagnosed after the age of 50. If both your parents have diabetes, there is a 50 per cent chance of getting it. Though type 1 diabetes is not a hereditary disease, there are some genetic factors to it. A first-degree relative of someone with type 1 diabetes has about a six in 100 chance of developing it, making you at higher risk of contracting the disease as compared to the general population, which has a one in 300 chance.
At least 40 genetic risk variants for type 2 diabetes have been identified by scientists. However, according to research done in Sweden, the functions of half of them can be modified by healthy lifestyle habits.
How to fight diabetes?
The American Diabetes Association has come out with a list of diabetes superfoods that may help to fight or even keep the disease away. These are some of the items you should add to your daily diet: beans, dark green leafy vegetables, citrus fruits, sweet potatoes, berries, tomatoes, fish high in Omega-3 fatty acids, whole grains, nuts, and fat-free milk and yoghurt.
*This article first appeared in Her World 2017 issue and was written by Stephanie Yap